Conservation and consolidation of protected areas and indigenous lands within the Purús-Manu Landscape
The Purús-Manu Landscape located southeast in the Departments of Ucayali and Madre de Dios harbors six protected areas encompassing almost 5 million hectares of land of difficult access and inhospitable environment:
- Alto Purús National Park
- Manu National Park
- Murunahua Indigenous Reserve
- Masco Piro Indigenous Reserve
- Madre de Dios territorial Reserve
It is one of the most biodiverse regions in the world, rich in native fauna and flora, and the last refuge for isolated indigenous groups living off natural resources provided by the forest. However, the extraordinary biodiversity and the safety of indigenous people in isolation or in initial contact face manifold threats, particularly of illegal selective logging, illegal gold mining, land-use change, resource overexploitation in areas of influence and construction of poorly planned infrastructure.
In light of these threats close to the protected areas, strengthening biodiversity conservation and the safety of indigenous people is key. Hence the need of putting together a multidisciplinary team of institutions aimed at contributing to the creation of development alternatives, a team that is in permanent coordination with state entities such as SERNANP and the Ministry of Culture as well as with local stakeholders and indigenous communities stationed in adjacent areas.
The Purús-Manu Landscape project
With financial support from the Gordon & Betty Moore Foundation, the Peruvian branch of the Frankfurt Zoological Society (FZS Peru) is working together with three NGO partners, ProPurús (PP), San Diego Zoo (SDZ) and the Peruvian Society for Environmental Law (SPDA), towards the implementation of this project. The main objective is to safeguard biodiversity conservation, indigenous territories and climate functions in the Amazon rainforest by strengthening the conservation tools applied to these natural protected areas, while looking out for the welfare of its local and indigenous communities. State institutions responsible for the administration of protected areas such as SERNANP and the Ministry of Culture need to be constantly involved in the process.
This joint effort will allow building and consolidating natural resource management capacities as well as policies that provide a more effective legal framework for the protection of indigenous populations in isolation and in initial contact inhabiting this region.
Environmental education for the local population and protected area staff training are essential for achieving our goals.
- To reinforce natural protected area and indigenous territory management within the Alto Purús mosaic with effective involvement of local stakeholders, the National Service of Natural Areas Protected by the State (SERNANP) and the Ministry of Culture (MINCUL).
- To improve the protection and conservation of indigenous people in isolation and initial contact by strengthening capacities of those responsible and building the legal framework that ensures appropriate management.
- To adapt and consolidate the management of the Purús-Manu Landscape in order to reduce its threats, creating development opportunities for local stakeholders.